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Grammar is vital for self-confidence
learn it!

Grammar is an umbrella term. In essence, it is concerned with the words of a language and the mechanism, or rules of combining, or joining them together in meaningful phrases, clauses and sentences. It can also mean a person’s knowledge and use of a language. For our purpose, the word rule means a recognized standard way of constructing structures. Therefore, the rules of grammar are principles for both spoken and written language. Grammar is for anyone who is interested in the English language and wants to master the structure of the language.

Whether you are a native speaker or a student of the English language, you must learn English grammar in order

  • to be able to put words into recognized structures, namely phrases, clauses and

      sentences. For instance:
  • phrase
  • Fine wine



  • clause
  • It is a car.



  • sentence
  • Our old office building has been demolished. (can have more than one clause)

  • to identify grammatical structures, e.g. phrase, clause and sentence, etc.
  • In English grammar, structure means the way some words are arranged in accordance with the rules of grammar. Here are some examples of structure:

  • Phrases
  • wonderful person
  • a good book
  • under the carpet
  • A phrase consists of a small group of words combined together using rules of grammar. It functions as a grammatical unit. A phrase does not have a tense. (tense see below) There are different kinds of phrases.

  • Clauses
  • . I lend you my book. present tense . She ran fast towards the bus stop. past tense

    A clause has more words than a phrase. It has a verb. It is often a part of a sentence. A clause has a tense, meaning it indicates the action or the state of the verb. The tense is marked for present and past time. Future time may be expressed in a variety of grammatical manners. A clause is a simple sentence. Like phrases, there are some forms of clauses.

  • sentences
  • simple sentence
  • It was very cold in the morning.



  • compound sentence
  • It was raining, and I stayed at home all day.



  • complex sentence
  • When our train arrived at Kings Cross rail station, our hosts wholeheartedly greeted us.

    In this complex sentence, the main clause is written in blue color. The main clause or independent clause is not dependent on the subordinate clause or dependent clause. It stands alone to be meaningful. In a complex sentence, one clause is a main and other clause(s) are subordinate(s). There are several types of sentences. It is a complex and interesting area of grammar.

  • to understand the meaning associated with these structures

    The rules of grammar and the vocabulary are essential requirements. Vocabulary means words, which make up the language. There are about one million words in the English language. It is a dynamic language. Some more new words are included and a few are excluded.

    A word is a single and independent unit of vocabulary. It can be recognized in both speech and writing (or print). Many words have several meanings. A recognized word has the following features:

  • it has a distinct sound, which can be a combination of sounds
  • it has a meaning, i.e. definition
  • a written word is recognizable by its structure, i.e. the number   of letters in it and the combination pattern.
  • Yes, you can have words consisting of not only alphabetic letters but also other elements such as recognized symbols, e.g. £ sign.

    For instance, the word CHAIR consists of five alphabetic letters. To speakers of English, it is recognizable as a combination of five letters when arranged in this given order. Therefore, when this word is used in speech, a speaker of the English language knows it by its distinct sound. When the same word is written, a reader of the English language identifies it by the pattern of letters put together side by side to structure it in accordance with the rules of grammar. See classes of words in Diagram 2.

    Rules of grammar help us to combine words to create grammatical structures for meaningful verbal and written communication.

  • to analyse these structures in order to explain them to others, if there is a need for it

    Indeed, the knowledge of grammar is essential to explain to someone how these structures are constructed and their associated meaning. Many native speakers of English language attended schools where they learn t little or nothing about the way the English language is structured. They can recognise these structures by saying ‘sound right’ or ‘sound wrong’, but unable to give reasons for ‘right’ or ‘wrong.

    Of course, you can put together a number of words without applying any rules of grammar. Let’s consider the phrase read any book,in which three words are side by side. We know the meaning of the combination of these words in this structure. It is a recognizable pattern of words. If you exchange places of two words in this pattern of words, it will not make any sense. The reason is that we do not say ‘any read book‘ or ‘book read any‘. The knowledge of grammar and the skill of applying it, enable you to analyze combinations of words. It gives you the ability to explain to others that these combinations as right or wrong.

  • to apply the language with confidence and to enjoy doing so
  • In this age of the World Wide Web, the use of English is expanding exponentially through the Internet, and the correct use of English and its grammar is becoming increasingly highly desirable.Broadly speaking, it can be said that you are only as good as your grammar. Therefore, gain both knowledge and skill of using English grammar for increasing your self-confidence. Enjoy your English knowledge and skills in whatever filed you need it – study, work or pleasure.

    Indeed, you are interested in grammar, as you have been reading this brief note. In order to continue exploring it, get one of ADR grammar books. Good luck!

    Diagram 1: A Visualisation of the English Language

    Diagram 2: Word Classes at First Glance

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